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Overview

The Federal Republic of Hanita Gracse

Population: 8,317,360 people

Pop density: 80 per km^2

Land Area: 103,967 km^2

TLD: .hg

Calling code: +1 28

Time zone: IAT -4

Demonym: Hanita Gracsian, H. Gracsen, H. Gracsians

Currency: Popper

Ethnicities:

66.2% Gracsen: 5,506,092

9.5% Hanita Tribal Peoples: 790,150

24.3% Immigrants: 2,021,118

Largest City: Aguafrescas: 1,270,496

Capital City: Coneanix: 272,092

 

The nation of Hanita Gracse, is a small Southern Polarisi state that was built with ideals, principles and institutions of a republic. Founded by a growing population, they accepted a new government out of sheer curiosity and compassion, the new government was formed, and the democratic process emerged alongside the establishing federation. 

 

Demographics

Despite all ethno-racial differences, the republic's second democracy had to bring in an era of cooperation between the 3 major populations that split up the nation. They are the Hanita Gracsen, the Tribal Peoples, and the Settled Migrants. 

Besides those, there is a lot of political parties the nation has to offer to its citizens, but in general the nation is divided between factions that have its history tied to the aftermath of the military's rule, and the parliamentary system was installed after inspiration by Giovanniland's, in 1382. The major parties are the Socialist "Union for All" Party, the Conservative Party, the Liberal "Republican" Party, the Green Party, the Libertarian Party, and the Patriotic Alliance.

Other minor parties tend to form coalitions alongside one another or between the majorly known parties. 

 

The republic started with no form of military until the formation of the Nation's Guards during the newly established federation. They are the Coast Guard, the Federal Guard, the Local Guard, and the Aerial Guard. The Federal and Coast Guard act as the nation's army and navy, with a joint operated Marine Corps. The Local Guard act as a militarized police force within their local province, capable of bringing peace to their respective communities as well as a regulatory inspected militia. Then there's the Aerial Guard, the nation's new air force. It is amongst the most significant and important aspects to the nation's defense, as the nation lacks natural defense besides its hills and forests. 

Regarding the historic phase that occurred with the military's rule and the rise of a certain field marshal as de facto head of state and government, the military has brought the nation's shifting policies and political power to a grand scale for the second democracy. The armed forces now serve the nation's government under a rule of law, rebranded and without political power. 

 

This little nation may have a history of attempting to throw its weight around, but it has learned to keep itself reserved at a given level in order to interact with the global community. 

For now, peace has been established for the small republic across its territories and provinces. 

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   New Flag Adoption

The new flag historically belonged to the revolutionaries after the nation's military collapsed, but was made predating it, in 1379. It was adopted by an 88% majority of the population at that time.

Blue is but a national color without much meaning or any given context, red means the blood of those who fought against the military whether it was head on, hit and run tactics or guerilla warfare, with the white representing peace, and peaceful protests that goes hand to hand with the red, as many died to the police and military crack downs at that time, until they [police] were overwhelmed. The black represents the people, not any ethno-racial group in particular, but the entirety of the nation's people. 

Aside from those colors, we have what is essentially a 10 pointed star, with gold tips, a ring of green triangles, and a red decagon in its center, all of which represent the 10 entities the nation has, 10 provinces, or rather as it would on the local scale, republics acting out as states under the federation system. The green color references the forests, whilst the gold represents the nation's deserts.

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Government

Motto:

"Victoria y Vida, Hanita Querida"

 

Hanita Gracse is a Semi-Presidential Republic. In the year of 1389, the nation had adopted its current constitution, after which the nation had lifted martial law, and continued reconstruction. The president is the head of state, they are elected by the alternative vote, if they win more than 50% of the vote, they serve for a four year term, and two consecutive terms, if they are to be reelected. President Huerta has been serving the nation since 1414. The prime minister, appointed by the president, is the head of government; they have no term limits, but will be accountable to a parliamentary vote of no confidence. Prime Minister Fidel, has been serving since 1416. The government is composed of 3 separate branches that regularly check and balance one another. Members of the executive and parliament are elected by the populace, whilst the judiciary are nominated, or rather appointed. Voting is voluntary, and the eligible voting age starts at the age of 16. 

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President Huerta Rodriguez

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Prime Minister Fidel Martinez

Executive 

Although the president is head of state, they act as the head executive, and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Hanita Gracse, known as the Revolutionary Armed Guard, make appointments to other civil and military offices, and deliberately make foreign and national policies and security. Some of which would have to be filtered through the prime minister. The prime minister holds regulatory power that coordinates the actions, preventing contradictions from different ministers, and implementing laws set out by the president that were deliberately made from the cabinet of the president, and oversees the daily affairs within the government. Ministers of the cabinet are appointed by the president upon a proposal by the prime minister. The cabinet demonstrates executive unity, as they are entrusted to carry out their mission within their area, including but not limited to political policies by an administration. 

 

Legislation

The legislation of Hanita Gracse is officially called "Parliament". Parliament is a bicameral government organ, made up by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate Chamber, collectively called the United Assembly of Hanita Gracse. Both chambers have their own separate voting systems, more details in elections. They review and pass laws, monitor the government, and assess public policy. Whenever a bill is examined, be it executive or parliament, it must be passed with identical text, once there is an adopted definitive answer, it passes. The deputy chamber has 244 seats portional to the population, whilst the senate has only 20 seats. Aside from the federal assembly, most local legislative branches are unicameral. 

Judicial

The Council of the Federation, is the highest administrative jurisdiction. It advises the preparation of bills, ordinances and decrees, answers legal affairs, conducts studies, and ensures the government's compliance with the law. That law is modeled after civil law. They are also responsible for daily management of the courts of appeals, and administrative tribunals. 

Elections

Every election year, the populace and workers have a day off in the designated day marked for the year's elections. The date has been set October the 2nd, since the adoption of the current constitution. The President of the Federation, is elected with the alternative vote, or as it is sometimes called, ranked choice, to determine the nation's preferences. This system is also applied to several governor, mayoral and sheriff elections. In the case of voting for representatives into the Chamber of Deputies, they are elected through the single transferable vote, Droop quota that favors major parties, whilst most local elections use the Hare system instead because it favors smaller parties within local elections. Senators are elected by local legislators, under an electoral college that will at its best make an accurate representation of the state's local bodies and their population, by a first-past-the-post vote held by the members within the local offices. 

Diplomacy

Hanita Gracsian foreign relations are summed to be characterized with a non-interventionist approach to foreign conflicts without relation to any of Hanita's allies or herself, and instead favors cooperation, settling down for trade agreements and defense pacts. The nation's diplomacy is headed by the Minister of the Diplomatic Corps, Ramon Adalberto Villa. The minister is to be well advised by both parliament and the president at their respected requests on any case of foreign affairs. The Diplomatic Corps, despite its name, does not under any circumstances control a portion of the military, rather there are individual voluntary officers that accompany the agents in such difficult situations, acting out as guards, under any and every situation. These officers as well don't dress in the default, ceremonial dress or working and combat, military uniforms, rather they go with the usual business attire that the diplomatic agents wear. As a small nation, it'll allied itself with any foreign major power with a strong cooperative government that'll guarantee the nation's promises, to which leads up to some critics asking of the nation's goals with said foriegn power, most famous of which comes from the Conservatives, that had suspicion within the neighborhood and abroad. When dealing with Hanita diplomats, the nation would grant foreign aid to its non-militar and military allies, some equipment, and even some workers.

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